Children are often born with specific congenital disabilities. These defects could be internal or external. The defects vary from gender to gender. Baby boys also suffer from external defects of their genital organs. Hypospadias is the most common congenital disability in male children. According to the best hypospadias surgeon in Pakistan, this abnormal development of the urethra affects about one in every 200 male babies. The abnormality of genitals ranges from minor to severe. Hence, these are some common facts about hypospadias, but the exact cause of this defect is still unknown.
Hypospadias, chordee, and penile torsion surgery in babies is necessary because if left untreated, it may lead to problems in adulthood. Thus, surgical repair of hypospadias results in normal urination, composed sexual activity, and reproduction. Moreover, hypospadias surgery cost in Pakistan is only starting from 200k, which is also less compared to other countries.
What is Hypospadias?
Hypospadias is a congenital disability of the urethra in male babies. The urethra is like a tube that carries urine out of the body. Hypospadias, penile torsion, and chordee surgery have become very common due to congenital disabilities in Pakistan. Thus, in babies born with hypospadias, their urethral meatus, also known as the urethra opening, is not at the tip of the penis. So, the beginning of the urethra, instead of the information, is present anywhere from the end of the penis to the scrotum. These are a few facts about hypospadias; all parents must know about them to diagnose the abnormality of their child timely.
Some more facts about hypospadias:
As discussed above, hypospadias is a congenital disability in baby boys. It is treated through surgery, and the best hypospadias surgeon in Pakistan performs it at ALSA. Hypospadias surgery cost in Pakistan is affordable, and at ALSA Pakistan, this cost is even lesser. Hence, if your newborn is diagnosed with defects, visit the best hypospadias surgeon and get the surgery done. But, it is significant for every parent to know about symptoms, diagnosis, and general facts about hypospadias to nip the evil of this disease in the bud through surgery.
Causes of Hypospadias:
The leading cause of hypospadias is unknown in most cases. However, according to the evidence researchers, genetics and environmental factors play a crucial role. So, in about 7 out of 100 patients, if the father was born with hypospadias, the son may also be born with it. Moreover, the following genetic facts about hypospadias also link in some cases:
- If a first child has hypospadias, a second son may also be born with it.
- If the father and first-born brother have hypospadias, the risk is higher that the second son will also have hypospadias.
- The mother’s food, drinks, and medicines during pregnancy may also increase the risk of hypospadias.
- Mother being obese at above 35 of age while conceiving.
- The mother of the child went through fertility treatments.
- Intake of hormones (such as progestin) before or during pregnancy.
Diagnosis of Hypospadias:
Hypospadias is generally diagnosed during the physical examination at the time of birth. The medical provider would notice the wrong location of the meatus. Thus, if it is not at the tip of the penis, it is a sign of hypospadias. Another indicator of these conditions is abnormal foreskin. This condition is also not normal if the foreskin is not entirely formed on its underside.
However, in some cases, the penis slightly curves downward; this condition is called chordee. Hypospadias surgeon also performs chordee surgery. In a report, more than 50% of babies born with hypospadias also have a curved penis. The curved penis is when the meatus is farther down the shaft. Thus, these are a few facts about hypospadias and their diagnosis.
Treatment of Hypospadias:
The best and only treatment for hypospadias is surgery. The best hypospadias surgeon in Pakistan also recommends surgery to correct hypospadias. There are four main steps in this operation:
- Straightening the shaft
- Creating a urinary stream channel
- Locate the meatus at or near the tip of the penis
- Circumcision of the penis
Moreover, children of any age or even adults may undergo hypospadias surgery. But surgeons usually prefer to perform hypospadias surgery in children. The ideal age for surgery is between 6 to 12 months. The age is perfect for surgery because younger children feel less discomfort after surgery, and the child cannot remember the details at such a minor age.
The parents should also know another fact about hypospadias: doctors may recommend testosterone treatment before surgery if the baby’s penis is narrow. Thus, successful repair should last a lifetime despite penis growth at a later age. Also, the severe versions of hypospadias typically require at least two surgeries for a successful repair. The surgeon decides this after a thorough physical examination of the penis.
Recovery after hypospadias surgery:
Surgery of hypospadias, chordee, and penile torsion is very smooth. After surgery, doctors leave a catheter in the penis for a few days.
So the urine doesn’t contact the repair site. For quick recovery, antibiotics are also prescribed. Swelling and bruising can occur, and medicines are prescribed to treat bladder spasms. However, most swelling from surgery goes away over time during the first six weeks. Hence, complete wound healing from surgery occurs within six months.
To conclude, hypospadias repair is a surgery to fix the location of the opening of the penis. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia so that the baby will be sound asleep during the surgery. In addition to general anesthesia, the child will receive caudal anesthesia, which will relieve pain in the area below the waist. A pediatric urologist specialist in surgery of children’s urinary tracts and reproductive organs will do hypospadias repair. ALSA Pakistan is the best place for this surgery because the best hypospadias surgeon in Pakistan performs it. The surgery takes around 2 to 3 hours with 99% correction results.